Uliveto Terme (Spa) was first mentioned in a document dated 975 and is known since Middle Ages for its thermal springs. It lies between the first ramifications of Monte Pisano and the plain created by the lower course of the river Arno. This is an environment strongly marked by the counterposition of mountain and river. This circumstance is most evident in the village of Uliveto Terme, where the River and the Mountain are only a few hundred meters far one from the other, creating a strong contrast: here, the river flows calmly in a bight, while the mountain suddenly rises in a jugged outline, featured by Karst formations enhanced by the mining activity. The “heart” of the mountain has been exposed, creating steep, sheer walls of rocks right on the village houses.
The dualism “mountain/river has been one of the distinguishing features which have marked the History of this village. For centuries, the inhabitants have been living on activities linked to the exploitation of these so different but yet complementary environments: the Mountain, with its mines of limestone. The River, which has always been the main means of transport, vital link to Pisa, Leghorn and Florence, and therefore a great source of profit for generations of boatmen and fishermen.
The Uliveto area is also characterized by another phenomenon, where earth and water - the mineral world and the water world - are linked together: the thermal springs. The springs of this small village were already well-known many centuries ago. It is said that, when the troops of the Emperor Frederick I, the Redbeard – worn-out by the long march - passed through Vicopisano district, they quenched their thirst with this water. They knew already at that time that the water coming from these springs – the so-called “Ancie
nt Bath” - was not only refreshing, but also healthy. In the proceedings of the Republic of Pisa in the 13th century, it is reported that a “Balneum et Fontanam” was edified, that would have had healthy effects on the digestive system and more precisely on the “gastric catarrhs”.
In not so distant times, a Doctor Giuli reported in a book edited in 1835 the beneficial effects of this water. In 1910, the first bottling plant of the joint-stock company “Acqua e Terme di Uliveto” was built.
The Spa, with his beautiful Park, is open from June to September every day from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
Il Parco Termale è aperto da Giugno a Settembre, tutti i giorni dalle 10,00 alle 18,00.
Inside the Thermal Park there is the Church of San Martino al Bagno, constructed with “verrucano” ashlars, with entrance door on the left side.
The nearby church of San Salvatore was built by the Architect Pietro Bernardini in 1854-57 on commission of the brothers Benedetto and Andrea Upezzinghi, in replacement of an earlier church first mentioned in 1063 and whose ruins can be seen on the opposite side of the street.
At a short distance is the church of Santissima Annunziata, which is probably to be dated back to Middle Ages, though radically restored in the 19th century.
Along the suburban street “delle Fornaci” there is a tabernacle representing the Annunciation, dated 1686.